In a new study, researchers have found that gut bacteria may contribute to susceptibility to HIV infection. The findings suggest that gut bacteria could be a target for new treatments to prevent HIV infection.
The human gut is home to trillions of bacteria, many of which are beneficial to our health. However, some types of bacteria can also contribute to disease. In the new study, the team of researchers looked at how different types of gut bacteria affect the susceptibility to HIV infection.
They found that certain types of gut bacteria make the cells that line the gut more susceptible to HIV infection. This is because the bacteria produce a chemical that increases the levels of a receptor on the cell surface that HIV uses to infect cells.
The findings suggest that gut bacteria could be a target for new treatments to prevent HIV infection. In particular, the findings could lead to the development of new probiotics that contain beneficial bacteria that do not increase the susceptibility to HIV infection.
The findings could also have implications for the development of new vaccines against HIV. The new study provides further evidence that the gut plays a role in susceptibility to HIV infection and that targeting the gut could be a promising approach for the prevention of HIV infection.
A new study has found that gut bacteria may contribute to susceptibility to HIV infection.
Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco, examined the gut microbiome – the collection of all the microbes that live in the gastrointestinal tract – of a group of HIV-negative individuals.
They found that individuals with a higher abundance of certain types of gut bacteria were more likely to become infected with HIV when exposed to the virus, compared to those with a lower abundance of these microbes.
The findings suggest that gut bacteria may play a role in determining whether someone is able to resist or fight off HIV infection.
The study’s authors say that further research is needed to confirm their findings and to explore the mechanisms by which gut bacteria may influence HIV susceptibility.
But they say that their findings could one day lead to the development of probiotic therapies – treatments that involve the use of live, beneficial microbes – that could help to protect people from HIV infection.