Patterns of underlying health issues linked to poorer outcomes after fractures in older adults
As our population ages, the number of fractures we see each year goes up. And unfortunately, not all of these patients will have good outcomes. In fact, studies have shown that older adults with certain underlying health problems are more likely to have poorer outcomes after suffering a fracture.
Some of the most common underlying health issues that have been linked to poorer outcomes after fractures include osteoporosis, arthritis, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Each of these conditions can make it more difficult for the body to heal after a fracture and can also lead to complications during the healing process.
Osteoporosis is a common cause of fractures in older adults, and it is also a major risk factor for poorer outcomes. This condition causes the bones to become weak and porous, which makes them more likely to break. Arthritis is another common cause of fractures in older adults, and it can also make it more difficult for the body to heal after a fracture.
Diabetes is a major risk factor for both osteoporosis and arthritis, and it can also make it more difficult for the body to heal after a fracture. In fact, people with diabetes are more likely to need surgery to treat their fractures and are also more likely to experience complications during the healing process.
Cardiovascular disease is another major risk factor for poorer outcomes after fractures. This condition can make it more difficult for the body to heal by preventing the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the fracture site. In addition, people with cardiovascular disease are more likely to experience complications such as infections and blood clots.
The good news is that there are things that can be done to reduce the risk of these underlying health issues. For example, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising regularly can all help to reduce the risk of osteoporosis. In addition, managing diabetes and cardiovascular disease can also help to reduce the risk of poorer outcomes after fractures.
If you or a loved one has suffered a fracture, it is important to see a doctor to assess the extent of the injury and to discuss the best course of treatment. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat the fracture. However, there are also many nonsurgical treatments that can be effective in treating fractures.
If you have underlying health issues that put you at risk for poorer outcomes after a fracture, it is important to talk to your doctor about ways to reduce your risk. Taking steps to improve your overall health can go a long way in helping you to heal from a fracture and to avoid complications.
Patterns of health problems that are linked to poorer outcomes after fractures in older adults have been identified in a new study.
The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, looked at data from more than 6,700 adults aged 65 and over who were hospitalized for a hip fracture.
The researchers found that underlying health problems were linked to a number of poorer outcomes after fracture, including a greater risk of death, a longer hospital stay, and a greater chance of being discharged to a nursing home.
The most common underlying health problems were diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease.
“This study provides important insights into the complex health problems of older adults who suffer hip fractures,” said lead author Dr. Vrinda Rao, of the University of Michigan.
“The findings suggest that identifying and addressing underlying health problems may improve outcomes after hip fractures in this vulnerable population.”