Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a serious public health problem. It is characterized by insulin resistance, which leads to high blood glucose levels. Over time, this can damage different organs in the body, resulting in a wide range of complications.
One of the most common complications of type 2 diabetes is heart disease. This is because the high blood sugar levels associated with diabetes can damage the arteries, making them more susceptible to blockages. This can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
Diabetes can also damage the kidneys. High blood sugar levels can cause the kidneys to leak protein into the urine. This can lead to kidney damage and failure.
Diabetes is also a leading cause of blindness. This is because high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye.
Type 2 diabetes can also cause nerve damage. This is because high blood sugar levels can damage the nerves that carry signals from the body to the brain. This can lead to pain, numbness, and tingling in the hands and feet.
In addition to these serious complications, type 2 diabetes can also cause a build-up of fat in the liver, a condition known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. This can lead to liver damage and failure.
Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition that can have a major impact on different organs in the body. If you have diabetes, it is important to monitor your blood sugar levels carefully and to follow your doctor’s recommendations for treatment.
A new study has found that type 2 diabetes is associated with widespread metabolic dysregulation in different organs.
The study, which is published in the journal Nature Medicine, looked at data from over 1,000 people with type 2 diabetes and found that the condition was associated with changes in metabolism in organs including the liver, muscles and fat.
The findings suggest that type 2 diabetes is a systemic disorder that affects multiple organs, and that the condition is not simply a result of impaired insulin action in the pancreas.
The study highlights the need for further research into the causes of type 2 diabetes, and the potential for developing new treatments that target the underlying metabolic abnormalities.